The “replication crisis” in psychology, as it is often called, started around 2010, when a paper using completely accepted experimental methods was published purporting to find evidence that people were capable of perceiving the future, which is impossible.
What does the replication crisis in psychology refer to?
The replication crisis in psychology refers to concerns about the credibility of findings in psychological science. … For this reason, many scientists question the accuracy of published findings and now call for increased scrutiny of research practices in psychology.
What is the cause of the replication crisis?
There is a broad agreement that psychology is facing a replication crisis. Even some seemingly well-established findings have failed to replicate. Numerous causes of the crisis have been identified, such as underpowered studies, publication bias, imprecise theories, and inadequate statistical procedures.
What is the replication crisis in psychology quizlet?
The replication crisis or replicability crisis or reproducibility crisis is an ongoing (2019) methodological crisis in which it has been found that many scientific studies are difficult or impossible to replicate or reproduce. The replication crisis affects the social and life sciences most severely.
What is the replication crisis in psychology Google Scholar?
Psychological science is in the midst of what has been referred to as a “replication crisis.” The realization that many individual findings do not replicate in new studies has led to questioning the scientific method and the integrity of psychological science.
The concept of ‘crisis of relevance’ refers to the social responsiveness of social psychology. Many people felt dissatisfaction with social psychology in relation to their own lives and the social world around them (Armistead, 1974).
What is replication in an experiment and why is it important?
In statistics, replication is repetition of an experiment or observation in the same or similar conditions. Replication is important because it adds information about the reliability of the conclusions or estimates to be drawn from the data.
Is psychology suffering from a replication crisis?
Psychology has recently been viewed as facing a replication crisis because efforts to replicate past study findings frequently do not show the same result. Often, the first study showed a statistically significant result but the replication does not.
What is a case study psychology quizlet?
Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods (e.g. observations & interviews).
Why is reproducibility so important to scientists quizlet?
Why is it important that results of scientific experiments be reproducible? Because of the potential for unseen error from any particular research group, experimental results must be reproducible to be considered valid.
Why is falsifying data considered to be so ethically unacceptable within the field of psychology?
Why is falsifying data considered to be so ethically unacceptable within the field of psychology? When psychological researchers falsify data, they intentionally misinform the public and damage the reputation of the field of psychology.
Rather than being a “waste of time,” therefore, experimental replication of one’s own and others’ findings can be a useful tool for restoring confidence in the reliability of basic effects—provided that certain conditions are met.
Much research in social psychology has consisted of laboratory experiments on social behaviour, but this approach has been criticized in recent years as being too stultifying, artificial, and unrealistic. Much of the conceptual background of research in social psychology derives from other fields of psychology.
What is paradigm shift in psychology?
A paradigm shift, as identified Thomas Kuhn (1962), is an important change in the basic concepts and experimental practices of a scientific discipline. It is a change from one way of thinking to another and is also referred to as ‘scientific revolution’.