Neurology is a branch of medical science that is concerned with disorders and diseases of the nervous system. The term neurology comes from a combination of two words – “neuron” meaning nerve and “logia” meaning “the study of”.
What is the medical term for the nervous system?
The Central Nervous System (CNS) includes the brain and spinal cord, while Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) includes nerves connected to the spinal cord.
What is the study of nervous called?
Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system (the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system) and its functions. …
What terms relate to the nervous system?
Nervous system terms
|Cephal/o||Head||Cephalgia (a headache)|
|Mening/o||Membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord||Meningitis (inflammation of the membranes)|
|Myel/o||Spinal cord||Myelogram (X-ray of the spinal cord)|
|Neur/o||Nerve||Neuroma (tumor) Neuritis (inflammation)|
|Dys||Difficult, painful, abnormal||Dyslexia (difficulty reading)|
Is nervous a medical term?
[ner´vus] 1. neural.
What is posterior in medical terms?
Directional terms describe the positions of structures relative to other structures or locations in the body. … Posterior or dorsal – back (example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body).
What does CP mean medical?
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. Cerebral means having to do with the brain.
What is a head doctor called?
A chief physician, also called a head physician, physician inchief, senior consultant, or chief of medicine, is a physician in a senior management position at a hospital or other institution.
What does Neurology study?
Neurologists are specialists who treat diseases of the brain and spinal cord, peripheral nerves and muscles. Neurological conditions include epilepsy, stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS) and Parkinson’s disease.
What is a sympathetic nervous system?
sympathetic nervous system, division of the nervous system that functions to produce localized adjustments (such as sweating as a response to an increase in temperature) and reflex adjustments of the cardiovascular system.
What are common medical terms for the structure and function of the nervous system?
The central nervous system (CNS) is the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) is everything else (see Figure 19.1).
What does Myelo mean in medical terms?
myel-, myelo- spinal cord OR bone marrow.
What is the nervous system in simple terms?
The nervous system controls everything you do, including breathing, walking, thinking, and feeling. This system is made up of your brain, spinal cord, and all the nerves of your body. … The nerves carry the messages to and from the body, so the brain can interpret them and take action.
What does CSF stand for in medical terms?
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection is a test to look at the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. CSF acts as a cushion, protecting the brain and spine from injury. The fluid is normally clear.