What is one disease of the nervous system and how does it affect the body?

When a disorder damages it, that affects the communication between your brain, your spinal cord, and your body. Examples of these disorders include: Infections like meningitis, encephalitis, or polio. Physical problems like an injury, Bell’s palsy, or carpal tunnel syndrome.

What is one disease of the nervous system?

Brain and nervous system problems are common. These neurological disorders include multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and stroke, and can affect memory and ability to perform daily activities.

What are the common diseases of the nervous system?

Nervous system diseases

  • Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. …
  • Bell’s palsy. …
  • Cerebral palsy. …
  • Epilepsy. …
  • Motor neurone disease (MND) …
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) …
  • Neurofibromatosis. …
  • Parkinson’s disease.

What are the top 3 common nervous system disorders?

Here are six common neurological disorders and ways to identify each one.

  1. Headaches. Headaches are one of the most common neurological disorders and can affect anyone at any age. …
  2. Epilepsy and Seizures. …
  3. Stroke. …
  4. ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. …
  5. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia. …
  6. Parkinson’s Disease.
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How does the nervous system affect the body?

Originating from your brain, it controls your movements, thoughts and automatic responses to the world around you. It also controls other body systems and processes, such as digestion, breathing and sexual development (puberty). Diseases, accidents, toxins and the natural aging process can damage your nervous system.

How many nervous system diseases are there?

There are more than 600 neurologic diseases. Major types include: Diseases caused by faulty genes, such as Huntington’s disease and muscular dystrophy. Problems with the way the nervous system develops, such as spina bifida.

What are the major diseases that affect the body system?

The diseases commonly encountered by home health aides include cardiovascular (heart) diseases, cancer, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary (lung) disease, diabetes, arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease.

What causes diseases in the nervous system?

Injuries (trauma), especially injuries to the head and spinal cord. Problems that are present at birth (congenital). Mental health problems, such as anxiety disorders, depression, or psychosis. Exposure to toxins, such as carbon monoxide, arsenic, or lead.

What disease attacks the central nervous system?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).

What happens when the muscular system malfunctions would it affect the nervous system?

Nerve cells (neurons) send and receive electrical messages to and from the body to help control voluntary muscles. When the neurons become unhealthy or die, communication between the nervous system and muscles breaks down. As a result, muscles weaken and waste away (atrophy).

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What are the 4 main functions of the nervous system?

The four main functions of the nervous system are:

  • Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. …
  • Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. …
  • Memory and learning. …
  • Voluntary control of movement.

What is the most common neurological disease?

WHO | Neurological disorders, including epilepsy. Epilepsy is the most common serious brain disorder worldwide with no age, racial, social class, national nor geographic boundaries.

Why does the damage in the nervous system cause paralysis of the body?

A nervous system problem causes paralysis. Uninjured nerves send signals to muscles. Those signals make muscles move. When you’re paralyzed, or have paralysis, you can’t move certain parts of your body.

How does the nervous system affect the brain?

The brain controls what we think and feel, how we learn and remember, and the way we move and talk. … The rest of the nervous system is like a network that relays messages back and forth from the brain to different parts of the body. It does this via the spinal cord, which runs from the brain down through the back.

What are the 3 nervous systems?

It has three parts: The sympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic nervous system. The enteric nervous system.