Behavioural approaches suggest that abnormal behaviour is learned somehow. Two-process model: Developed by Mowrer (1960), this suggests that phobias are acquired through learning. Phobias are acquired initially by classical conditioning (learning by association).
How would the behaviourist approach explain phobias?
In terms of phobia treatment, behavioral strategies might involve forming new, more positive associations with feared objects or situations. For example, a person might practice relaxation techniques when they are exposed to what they fear.
How do phobias develop according to behavioral psychologists?
According to the learning theory, phobias develop when fear responses are reinforced or punished. 2 Both reinforcement and punishment can be positive or negative. Positive reinforcement is the presentation of something positive, such as a parent rewarding a child for staying away from a snake.
This approach suggests that the development of phobias is influenced by observing fearful responses in others. According to this theory, children develop phobias by observing the fearful, anxious behaviors of parents or caregivers.
What are the Behavioural characteristics of phobias?
An immediate feeling of intense fear, anxiety and panic when exposed to or even thinking about the source of your fear. Awareness that your fears are unreasonable or exaggerated but feeling powerless to control them. Worsening anxiety as the situation or object gets closer to you in time or physical proximity.
How do you explain phobias?
A phobia is an uncontrollable, irrational, and lasting fear of a certain object, situation, or activity. This fear can be so overwhelming that a person may go to great lengths to avoid the source of this fear. One response can be a panic attack. This is a sudden, intense fear that lasts for several minutes.
How would the behavioral model explain how a person acquired an abnormal fear of dogs?
The two process model states that phobias are learned by classical conditioning and maintained through operant conditioning (Mowrer 1960). The phobia is learnt through association, for example some people a have fear of dogs, this can be explained through classical conditioning.
Are phobias learned behavior?
Phobias are learned behaviors. And while they can’t be unlearned, it’s possible to override them with new learning.
What does psychology say about phobia?
phobia, an extreme, irrational fear of a specific object or situation. A phobia is classified as a type of anxiety disorder, since anxiety is the chief symptom experienced by the sufferer. Phobias are thought to be learned emotional responses.
How can we determine that a fear is called phobia?
For most people, these fears are minor. But when fears become so severe that they cause tremendous anxiety and interfere with your normal life, they’re called phobias. A phobia is an intense fear of something that, in reality, poses little or no actual danger.
What type of learning is often associated with the development of phobias?
Informational learning: Sometimes, people develop specific phobias after hearing about reading about a situation that may be dangerous.
What are behavioral characteristics?
1. Behavioral characteristics are based on behaviour of the person. Voice, Signature, Keystroke Dynamics, Gaits etc. traits falls under the behavioural characteristics.
What are the three characteristics of phobia?
They key emotional characteristics of a phobia, are excessive and unreasonable fear, anxiety and panic. An emotional response is triggered by the presence, or the anticipation of, a specific object or situation, which is excessive in relation to the danger actually posed.
What are causes of phobias?
What causes phobias?
- Past incidents or traumas. Certain situations might have a lasting effect on how you feel about them. …
- Learned responses from early life. Your phobia may develop from factors in your childhood environment. …
- Reactions and responses to panic or fear. …
- Experiencing long-term stress. …
- Genetic factors.