What conditions damage the central nervous system?

What can damage the central nervous system?

Infections, such as meningitis, encephalitis, polio, and epidural abscess. Structural disorders, such as brain or spinal cord injury, Bell’s palsy, cervical spondylosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, brain or spinal cord tumors, peripheral neuropathy, and Guillain-Barré syndrome.

What are the top 3 common nervous system disorders?

Here are six common neurological disorders and ways to identify each one.

  1. Headaches. Headaches are one of the most common neurological disorders and can affect anyone at any age. …
  2. Epilepsy and Seizures. …
  3. Stroke. …
  4. ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. …
  5. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia. …
  6. Parkinson’s Disease.

How do you know if your central nervous system is damaged?

You may experience the sudden onset of one or more symptoms, such as: Numbness, tingling, weakness, or inability to move a part or all of one side of the body (paralysis). Dimness, blurring, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes. Loss of speech, trouble talking, or trouble understanding speech.

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How do I know if my nerves are damaged?

The signs of nerve damage

Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet. Feeling like you’re wearing a tight glove or sock. Muscle weakness, especially in your arms or legs. Regularly dropping objects that you’re holding.

Is Fibromyalgia a central nervous system disorder?

Brain imaging and studies have shown that fibromyalgia is a disorder of the central nervous system. “It’s a neurological disease driven by the central nervous system,” says Clauw.

What are 5 diseases of the nervous system?

Nervous system diseases

  • Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. …
  • Bell’s palsy. …
  • Cerebral palsy. …
  • Epilepsy. …
  • Motor neurone disease (MND) …
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) …
  • Neurofibromatosis. …
  • Parkinson’s disease.

What is the most common neurological disorder?

Among the neurological disorders, the 5 most prevalent were TTH (121.6 [95% UI, 110-133] million people), migraine (68.5 [95% UI, 64-73] million people), stroke (7.8 [95% UI, 7.4-8.2] million people), AD and other dementias (2.9 [95% UI, 2.6-3.2] million people), and SCI (2.2 [95% UI, 2.0-2.3] million people) (Table 1) …

How do you test the central nervous system?

These tests may include one or more of the following:

  1. Blood and/or urine tests.
  2. Imaging tests such as an x-ray or MRI.
  3. A cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) test. …
  4. Biopsy. …
  5. Tests, such as electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG), which use small electric sensors to measure brain activity and nerve function.

How are central nervous system disorders diagnosed?

In addition to blood and urine tests, tests done to diagnose nervous system diseases may include:

  1. Computed tomography (CT scan)
  2. Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) to check for infection of the spinal cord and brain, or to measure the pressure of the cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF)
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Can an MRI show nerve damage?

An MRI may be able help identify structural lesions that may be pressing against the nerve so the problem can be corrected before permanent nerve damage occurs. Nerve damage can usually be diagnosed based on a neurological examination and can be correlated by MRI scan findings.

What happens if nerve damage goes untreated?

Left untreated, nerve damage may worsen over time. It can sometimes start in the nerves farthest from the brain and spinal cord — like those in the feet and hands. Then it may move up into the legs and arms.

What does nerve damage feel like?

Nerve pain often feels like a shooting, stabbing or burning sensation. Sometimes it can be as sharp and sudden as an electric shock. People with neuropathic pain are often very sensitive to touch or cold and can experience pain as a result of stimuli that would not normally be painful, such as brushing the skin.