What are psychological disorders?

A psychological disorder is, broadly, a condition characterized by distressing, impairing, and/or atypical thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Psychopathology is the study of psychological disorders, including their symptoms, etiology (i.e., their causes), and treatment.

What are the top 3 psychological disorders?

3 Most Common Mental Health Disorders in America

  • Anxiety disorders. …
  • Major depressive disorder. …
  • Bipolar disorder. …
  • Access Community Health Network (ACCESS)

What is a psychological disorder and give an example?

Many different psychological disorders have been identified and classified, including eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa; mood disorders, such as depression; personality disorders, such as antisocial personality disorder; psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia; sexual disorders, such as sexual dysfunction; …

What are the 10 psychological disorders?

Personality Essential Reads

  • Paranoid personality disorder. …
  • Schizoid personality disorder. …
  • Schizotypal disorder. …
  • Antisocial personality disorder. …
  • Borderline personality disorder. …
  • Histrionic personality disorder. …
  • Narcissistic personality disorder. …
  • Avoidant personality disorder.

What are major psychological disorders?

Five major mental illnesses — autism, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and schizophrenia — appear to share some common genetic risk factors, according to an examination of genetic data from more than 60,000 people worldwide (The Lancet, online Feb. 28).

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What are the 7 main mental disorders?

Seven common types of mental disorders include:

  • Depression.
  • Anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorders social anxiety disorders, panic disorders, and phobias.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Schizophrenia.

Is anxiety a psychological disorder?

Anxiety disorders are the most common of mental disorders and affect nearly 30% of adults at some point in their lives. But anxiety disorders are treatable and a number of effective treatments are available. Treatment helps most people lead normal productive lives.

What makes a disorder a disorder?

A disorder could be defined as a set of problems, which result in causing significant difficulty, distress, impairment and/or suffering in a person’s daily life.

How is a psychological disorder diagnosed?

A medical professional determines a diagnosis by interviewing you about your history of symptoms. Sometimes a doctor will require a couple of medical tests to rule out possible physical ailments, but we cannot evaluate mental health itself through blood tests or other biometric data.

What are the 12 personality disorders?

Types of Personality Disorders

  • Borderline Personality Disorder.
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder.
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder.
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder. …
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder. …
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder. …
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder.

What is the rarest mental disorder?

Alice in Wonderland Syndrome. Also known as Todd syndrome, Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS) is a neurological condition in which one’s perception of their body image, time, or space is distorted. Those experiencing AIWS may have hallucinations, sensory distortion, and an altered sense of velocity.

What is the number 1 mental illness in the world?

The WHO reports that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders worldwide with specific phobia, major depressive disorder and social phobia being the most common anxiety disorders.

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What are the top 10 mental disabilities?

What Are the Top 10 Mental Health Issues and Illnesses?

  • Anxiety disorders. This is actually a group of disorders. …
  • Bipolar affective disorder. …
  • Depression. …
  • Dissociation and dissociative disorders. …
  • Eating disorders. …
  • Paranoia. …
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder. …
  • Psychosis.

What are the two main categories of psychological disorders?

anxiety disorders. personality disorders. psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia)