In high-income countries, evidence generally suggests that income inequalities increase mental disorders among the poor. This study examined psychological-distress rates—a marker of mental ill- health—as varying by income among Australians living within and outside of capital cities.
How does inequality affect mental illness?
This preliminary analysis suggests that higher national levels of income inequality are linked to a higher prevalence of mental illness and, in contrast with studies of physical morbidity and mortality, as countries get richer rates of mental illness increase.
How does economic inequality affect mental health?
A clear link exists between social and economic inequality and poor mental health. There is a social gradient in mental health, and higher levels of income inequality are linked to higher prevalence of mental illness.
What are the causes of mental health issues in Australia?
What causes mental illness?
- Genetic factors: having a close family member with a mental illness can increase the risk. …
- Drug and alcohol abuse: illicit drug use can trigger a manic episode (bipolar disorder) or an episode of psychosis. …
- Other biological factors: some medical conditions or hormonal changes.
The Health Survey for England has consistently found that people in the lowest socioeconomic class have the highest risk of a mental health problem . 20 Debt itself is an issue: people in debt are more likely to have a common mental health problem,21 and the more debt people have, the greater the likelihood.
How does equality affect mental health?
Social factors such as age, race, sexual orientation and socioeconomic status, all have an impact on how likely someone is to develop a mental health problem. 8 Inequalities also affect people’s experience of living with a mental health problem and the quality of care they receive.
What is equality in mental health?
What is the Equality Act? The Equality Act 2010 is the law that protects you from discrimination and gives you the right to challenge it. You are protected by the Equality Act if you have certain protected characteristics, like a mental health problem.
What is mental health in an unequal world?
The theme ‘mental health in an unequal world’ further highlights how inequalities among people with respect to financial income, ethnicity, race, gender and sexual orientation come in the way of addressing mental health issues.
Does inequality cause depression?
Nearly two-thirds of all studies and five out of six longitudinal studies reported a statistically significant positive relationship between income inequality and risk of depression; only one study reported a statistically significant negative relationship.
Social factors that can influence mental health include race, class, gender, religion, family and peer networks. Our age and stage, and the social roles we have at any time in our life all contribute to this.
What are two risk factors for mental health issues?
Certain factors may increase your risk of developing a mental illness, including:
- A history of mental illness in a blood relative, such as a parent or sibling.
- Stressful life situations, such as financial problems, a loved one’s death or a divorce.
- An ongoing (chronic) medical condition, such as diabetes.
What are the causes of poor mental health?
What causes mental health problems?
- childhood abuse, trauma, or neglect.
- social isolation or loneliness.
- experiencing discrimination and stigma, including racism.
- social disadvantage, poverty or debt.
- bereavement (losing someone close to you)
- severe or long-term stress.
- having a long-term physical health condition.
What is the most common mental health issue in Australia?
Anxiety, mood disorders (such as depression) and substance use disorders are the most common mental illnesses experienced by Australian adults.
How inequalities can affect the health and Behaviour of individuals?
Inequalities in these factors are inter-related: disadvantages are concentrated in particular parts of the population and can be mutually reinforcing. Lower socio-economic groups, for example, tend to have a higher prevalence of risky health behaviours, worse access to care and less opportunity to lead healthy lives.
Mental illness and inequalities
wider social and environmental determinants of poor health, including poverty, unemployment, homelessness and incarceration. stigma, discrimination, social isolation and exclusion. increased behaviours that pose a risk to health such as smoking and poor diet.
What does equality and inequality mean?
the condition of being unequal; lack of equality; disparity: inequality of size. social or economic disparity: inequality between the rich and the poor; widening income inequality in America. unequal opportunity or treatment resulting from this disparity: inequality in healthcare and education.